Dictionary of the Gods
AAH: The Moon God. I notice that the moon is male here just as it
is in Sumer and Babylon. Aah is egyptian for Moon.
AMON-RE: This is Re as the "Invisible God". He seems to be all of
the Egptian Gods combined into one unified god-head, and was not
outwardly worshipped. It simply shows that the Egyptians knew that
All was part of one underlying Unity.
AMMUT: The Eater of the Dead. This is the monster that sits within
the judgment chamber and devoures those who do not pass the trial.
He has the head of a crocodile, the forebody of a leapord, and the
hindquarters of a hippopotamus.
ANUBIS: This jackle-headed god is the one who comes to you at
death and guides you through the darkness to the judgment chamber.
Messenger of the gods.
Son of Osirus and Nephthys. Guardian of the tombs.
APIS BULL, THE: God of lust and desire for life.
APOPHIS (ZET): This myth is not really a creation myth, but the
energies it involves are the same. It resembles the stories of
Lotan, Zu, Asag, and Leviathan. Actually, it is the idea of the
day (Re) defeating the night (Typhon). It is also the new year
defeating the old. In either case, it is an "Order from Chaos"
type story. Typhon is a serpent god who is an enemy of Re.
Re sends the gods to slay him. They are, of course, successful. In
one version of the myth, Seth himsself is the one to kill Apophis
each day (which is strange as Seth and Apophis seem to be the same
AROUERIS (Horus the Elder): See Horus the Elder.
ATEN (Amon-Re-Harakhti): This God was worshipped by Akhenaten as
the "One True God". He had only a brief worship; Akhenaten was not
liked for his break from the Atum-Re (see below) cult. However, it
would seem that Moses was affected by Akhenaten's ideas as he
(Moses) studied the Egyptian mysteries. It seems Aten is the
forerunner of Yahweh. Aten is Egyptian for Sun.
ATUM-RE: This is Re as he emerged out of the Nun (Primordial Sea),
appointed the Ogdoad (see below) to their proper places in the
Heavens, and single-handedly created all in existance. Also, Re is
told to have seperated the lovers Geb and Nuit from their
lovemaking, setting Nuit as the Sky and Geb as the Earth.
AURAMOOUTH: Daughter of Nuit. Sky-goddess of Water.
BAST: A cat Goddess, and a cat-headed deity. Goddess of occultism
GEB: This is the Earth God, with Nuit as the Sky Goddess. Thier
union brought forth Isis and Osirus, Seth and Nephthys, and Horus
HAPI: God of the Nile, and a protection deity of the North, and
the small viscerae of the deceased. Son of Horus (see Mestha,
Tuamautef, and Qubhsennuf).
HATHOR: This Goddess is a Love/War (Passion) Goddess. She is the
Eye of Re (i.e the Sun itself) whome, when angry, even the Gods
fear. She can take the form of a Cow or Cat. She also comes to
new-born children, in the form of Seven Women, to tell them their
HORUS THE ELDER (Aroueris): Son of Geb and Nuit, He is a Cosmic
Being who's right eye is the Sun and who's left eye is the Moon.
If Seth was origonally the New Moon (see Seth), then the story of
Seth removing Horus' eye may well be a story of a solar eclipse.
HORUS THE YOUNGER (Heru): The hawk-headed god is the son of Isis
and the newly resurected Osirus. He removed Seth from the Throne
of Egypt and ruled as successor to his father. He is also the one
who leads the soul before Osirus upon passing the Weighing of the
Heart. In the battle against Seth, Horus lost an eye and later
regained it. This gives us the symbol of the Eye of Horus (see
Horus the Elder).
HU: He and his partner Sia are two aspects of the Creative Power
of the Gods.
ISIS (Au-Seth): Wife/sister of Osirus. Goddess of Magick and
Healing. She is also much like Ishtar/Innana. (See Osirus). The
KHNUM: Created Man on a potters wheel.
KHONSU: Son of Amon and Mut.
MAAT: Goddess of Truth and Justice. Wife of Thoth. She existed
before the birth of the gods. (See Hokhmah of the Hebrews). Her
symbol is the feather that can be seen on the Judgment Scale.
MESTHA: A god of Protection of the South, and the stomach and
large intestines of the deceased. Son of Horus (see Hapi,
Tuamautef, and Qebhsennuf).
MIN: A fertility God.
MUT: Amon's wife. Keep in mind that Amon was fused with Re, and
was not the same Deity to begin with.
NEITH: Sky goddess of War and Fire.
NEKHBET: Symbolised as a Vulture. Guardian of Upper Egypt (See Ua-Zit).
NEPHTHYS: Goddess of women. Wife of Seth, and the Dark Twin of
Sister of Osirus. She is also the mother of Anubis.
NUIT: Goddes of Sky and sister/wife of Geb. (See Geb).
NUN: Nun is listed with the Ogdoad. However, I wish to single him
out here as it is from him the name of the Primordial Waters was
taken. He is the oldest of the Gods.
OGDOAD, THE: This myth is from the mythos where Atum-Re is the
There were eight Ogdoad, four frogs and four snakes, who were the
Primordial Waters- the Nun. Atum-Re arose from the Nun, and
appointed the Ogdoad to their proper places in the Heavens (thus,
brought order from chaos). Their names are: Nun and his consort
Naunet, Kuk and Kuaket, Huh and Huahet, and Amon and Amaunet.
OSIRUS (Au-Saur): Osirus was eventually merged with Re and seems
to be nearly the same deity in many aspects (forming a kind of
Divine Loop). He is a God Force with Isis as his Goddess Force.
Osirus was probably origonally a fertility god (like Tammuz), but
was elevated when associated with Re.
Mythologically, he was origonally a Pharoah who brough civilzation
to the people. He is the Egyptian God-force. As the lord of the
Underworld, he is Khent-Amenti. (His real name is Au Sar:
PTAH: This god is a parallel myth to the Atum-Re mythos (see
above). Ptah is equated with the Nun (the Egyptian Primordial
Waters). In this mythos, Ptah creates Atum-Re and all the other
gods, as well as all in existance. Also, patron god of Architechs.
QEBHSENNUF: A god of Protection of the West, and the liver and
gall-bladder of the deceased. Son of Horus (see Mestha, Hapi, and
RE: This is the falcon-headed sun god who is born each morning,
grows old by the end of the day, and enters the land of the dead
each night. He is Khephira in the morning, Re at midday, and Atum
SHU: The god of Air and the husband/brother of Tephnuit. Atum-Re
fertilized himself and brought this god, and his wife into
existance. Shu and Tephnuit's union brought forth Geb and Nuit,
the Earth and Sky. Shu was placed, by Re, between Geb and Nuit and
he acts as a support to Nuit herself.
SIA: His name means "mind" or "thought". He is most often paired
with Hu, and together they are two aspects of the Creative Power
of the Gods.
SELKIS: Scorpion Goddess.
SETH: This is the brother of Osirus who destroyed him and
dismembered his body in order to take his throne. He is the Dark
Serpent aspect of the God. God of drought and storm, Lord of the
Red Land (the desert). In Sanscrit the word "sat" means to destroy
by hewing into pieces. In the myth of Osirus...it was Seth who
killed Osirus and cut his body into fourteen pieces. But it may be
significant that the word "set" is also defined as "queen" or
"princess" in Egyptian. Au Set, known as Isis by the Greeks, is
defined as "exceeding queen".
In the myth of the combat Seth tries to mate sexually with Horus;
this is usually interpreted as being an insult. But the most
primitive identity of the figure Seth, who is also closely related
to the serpent of darkness known as Zet, and often refered to by
classical Greek writers as Typhon, the serpent of the goddess
Gaia, may once have been female, or in some way symbolic of the
Goddess religion, perhaps related to the Goddess Ua Zit, "Great
Serpent", the cobra Goddess of Neolithic times. Lastly, there is a
theory that is pure speculation on Seth's battle with Horus.
First, we look at Horus as a Solar Deity. Then, we look at Isis as
being the Full Moon (as she is the Goddess of Magick). Next, if we
consider that Seth was origonally female, then it is easy (or just
convenient) to assign him/her to the new moon. Put these together,
and the story of Seth attempting to mate with Horus, and then
taking his eye, may very well be a story of a solar eclipse (see
Horus the Elder).
SOTHIS: Goddess of the dog-star, and of initiation. Isis.
TEPHNUIT: The Goddess of Moisture, wife/sister of Shu. (See Shu).
THOTH: This ibis-headed god is the Scribe of the Gods and the God
of Wisdom. He is the Logos, the Word of Re. He was Self-Created
before the Creation. Husband of Maat.
TUAMAUTEF: A god of Protection of the East, and the heart and
lungs of the deceased. Son of Horus (see Mestha, Hapi, and
TUM: It is also a name of Re, usually seen as Atum.
UA ZIT: "Great Serpent" Cobra Goddess, guardian of Lower Egypt
(see Nekhbet). (Also see Seth for an interesting note).
ZET: See Apophis.
ANATH: This was a War Goddess. She is also known for slaying the
enimies of her brother Baal much in the same way Hathor
slaughtered much of mankind. After the Defeat of Mavet and Yam, a
feast was thrown for Baal. Anath locked everyone inside, and
proceeded to slay everyone (as they had all been fickle toward
Baal with both Mavet and Yam, as well as Ashtar). Baal stopped her
and conveinced her that a reign of peace is what was needed. She
also has confronted Mavet and was responsible for Baal's
liberation from the underworld. She is the twin sister of Marah.
Daughter of Asherah.
ARSAY: Daughter of Baal. An underworld Goddess.
ASHERAH: The Mother of the Gods, Qodesh (just like El), Queen of
Heaven. She is a goddess of Love and, as Astarte, a War Goddess.
She is also an Earth Goddess. Wife of El. (see El). When the gods
decided to entreat Yam to ease his reign of tyranny, it was
Asherah who went to him and even offered herself. The gods agreed
to let her do this, except for Baal who was enraged at the idea.
(See Baal). Asherah is said to have given birth to seventy gods.
ASHTAR: Possibly a male version of Ishtar (Astarte in Canaan), the
Venus Star. When Baal was killed by Mavet, Asherah had Ashtar, her
son, placed on the throne. However, Ashtar was not big enough to
fill the position, and resigned. I believe one of his titles is
Malik (the King) and other names for him are Abimilki and Milkilu.
ASTARTE: A Goddess of Passion and Fertility. The Venus Star. She
is either a daughter of Asherah, or a form of Asherah.
BAAL: He is the Canaanite Ruler God (like Marduk). Baal and Yam-Nahar
origonally competed for kingship of the gods. The matter was
brought before El, who decided in favour of Yam. Yam then
proceeded with a reign of tyranny over the gods, and none of them
felt they had the power to defeat Yam. So, they sent Asherah to
entreat him to lossen his grip. Asherah even offered herself to
Upon hearing this, Baal was enraged, and decided to defeat Yam.
Yam got wind of Baal's plan and sent messengers to El with the
demand that Baal be delivered to him. El, afraid, agreed. Baal
then taunted the gods for their cowardice and went to face Yam. He
had two weapons made, Yagrush (chaser) and Aymur (driver). He
struck Yam on the chest with Yagrush to no avail. Then he struck
him on the forehead with Aymur and fell Yam to the earth. After
Yam's defeat, Baal had a palace built for himself; closely
resembeling the story of Marduk. It also resembles Marduk's story
in that the Primeval Waters threatened the gods, and the High God
and others were afraid to face them, with the exception of the
soon-to-be Ruler God. The Baal epic then continues to describe his
fight against Mavet. Baal is also a Storm God like Marduk, and a
fertility god like Tammuz.
Dagon is his father. Baal is the Canaanite God-force (the goddess
force seems to be split between Anath and Asherah). Baal's proper
name is Hadad, relating to his storm-god aspect. Baal is really a
title, meaning "Lord".
DAGON: A vegitation God (especially corn). Father of Baal.
EL: The Father of the Gods, the Creator of Created Things, The
Asherah is his wife. He wears bull horns on his helmet.
GAPN: A messenger of Baal. His name either means Vine or Field.
Probably the former.
HADAD: See Baal.
HIRIBI: God of Summer.
HAURON: A God that is related to Ninurta of Mesopotamia and Horus
KOSHAROTH, THE: The Wise Goddesses. These may be somewhat along
the lines of the Greek Graces. As we see them, they are called to
set up a Wedding. They are also sometimes symbolized as sparrows,
which indicated fertility. They were Goddesses of childbirth.
KOSHAR: Craftsman of the Gods.
KOSHARTU: Wife of Koshar.
LOTAN: This may be another story like Apophis, Zu, Asag, and
Leviathan where it is not an actual creation story, but still
involves the same energies. On the other hand, it may be some kind
of alternate Creation story where Lotan replaces Yam-Nahar. Lotan
is a seven headed serpent defeated by Baal with the help of Mavet.
MARAH: Merciful Goddess of the Waters. Twin sister of Anath.
Daughter of Asherah.
MAVET: God of Death and Sterility. His name means Death. A son of
After Baal defeated Yam, he then sent a message to Mavet demanding
that he keep his domain in the underworld where he belonged. Mavet
was enraged by this and sent a threatening message to Baal, who
was afraid and attempted to flatter his way out of it. This,
however, was to no avail and Baal was forced to face Mavet.
Mavet defeated him and held him in the underworld until Anath
tracked him (Mavet) down and defeated him herself. Mavet did not
actually die, as he and Baal had to face off once more seven years
later. Neither defeated the other, but Mavet did give in (at the
command of Shapash) and proclaimed Baal the King of the Gods.
NIKKAL: Consort of Yarikh. (S = Ningal). Goddess of the fruits of
Daughter of Hiribi.
RAHMAYA: A goddess impregnated, along with Asherah, by El. The
Goddesses then gave birth to the twin gods Shahar and Shalem,
though I don't know who gave birth to whome.
RESHEPH: Probably a War God. Lord of the Arrow. Has gazel horns on
his helmet. He destroys men in mass by war and plague. He is the
porter of the sun Goddess Shepesh (this seems to resemble Khamael
of the Hebrews). He is also called Mekal (Annialator). Related to
Nergal of Mesopotamia.
SHAHAR: God of dawn. Either a son of Asherah, or of Rohmaya.
SHALEM: God of Dusk. The Contemplation of Day. Either a son of
Asherah, or of Rohmaya.
SHAPASH: Sun Goddess. The Torch of the Gods.
SIN: Moon God.
UGAR: A messenger of Baal. His name either means Vine or Field,
probably the latter.
YAM-NAHAR: Yam-Nahar is the Primordial Waters that were defeated
by Baal (see Baal and Asherah). His name means Sea-River. He was
origonally more powerful even than El, and ruled as a tyrant over
them. Baal finally rose up against him.
YARIKH: The Moon God.
Babylonian: "S" indicates a parallel in Sumer.
ADAD: A storm, or weather, god. (See Hadad of Canaan).
ADAR: See Ninib ANSHAR: "Whole Heaven" He and his wife, Kishar,
are the children of Lamu and Lahamu. They are said to be the
circular Horizons of the sky and earth. Their union brought forth
Ea and Anu. (See Kishar)
ANU: This was the Sky God. S=An ANUNNAKI, THE: The 50 great gods
who deside the destiny of man. S.
ANZU: Deamon who stole the Tablets of Destiny. See Ninurta.
APSU: Tiamat's first husband, symbolising the Sweet Waters
Origonally, he and Tiamat (The Salt Waters of the Sea) were
intermingled as one, until he was killed by Ea for plotting
against the younger gods.
ASUSHUNAMIR: Sexless creature created by Ea to descend into the
Underworld and charm Ereshkigal into reviving Ishtar with the
Waters of Life. He is Successful. S= Kurgarru, and Kalaturru.
EA (Ia): The Babylonian god of Wisdom and Magick, as well as Earth
Also called Nudimmud. Also called Enki. Father of Marduk. Atfter
he killed Apsu, he built his palace in the Sweet Waters, and
called it Apsu. S=Enki (only he was a ruler god and Water God. Ki
was the Earth Goddess). In Babylon, Ea replaces the works of Enlil.
ENLIL: Lord Wind or Lord Air, a storm God. God of Air. S.
ENKI: See Ea.
ERESHKIGAL: Queen of the Underworld. S.
ERRA: Also called Nergal. A god of pestilence and war. Husband of
Ereshkigal and King of the Underworld. See Nergal.
GAD: A god of luck and fortune related to the sign of Aries.
(There most definately must be link between this god and the
Hebrew tribe of Gad, also related to Aries).
GIBIL: A fire god invoked, with two others, against black magick.
(See Gira and Nusku)
GIRA: A fire god invoked, with two others, against black magick.
(See Gibil and Nusku)
ISHTAR: Wife of Tammuz, Queen of Heavaen. (see Tammuz). She is a
Goddess of Love and War. The Venus Star. The Babylonian
Goddess-force. S= Inanna.
KI: Earth Goddess, sister/wife of An. Later, mother/wife of Enlil.
KISHAR: "Whole Earth" Wife/sister of Anshar. (See Anshar).
LAMU: He and his wife Lahamu are said to be the silt created by
the junction of the primeval Waters, the rivers and sea. They are
the Children of Apsu and Tiamat. (see Lahamu).
LAHAMU: Wife/sister of Lamu. (See Lamu).
LAMASHTU: Demoness who steals babies from their mothers. A
probable source for much of the Hebrew Lilith.
MARDUK: Also known as Bel (The Lord). The son of Ea who defeated
Tiamat (because the other gods were afraid to face her), thus
destroying Chaos and reigning in Order. He was appointed High God
because of this, and he took the Tablets of Destiny from Qingu. He
is the Hero of the Gods, and also a storm deity. The story of
Marduk is very similar to Baal. Marduk had no real place among the
gods until he agreed to defeat Tiamat. Baal, likewise, had no
place among the gods until he defeated Yam, and then he had a
palace built for himself. S=Nunurta (not a direct relation, but
this is probably where Marduk came from). Marduk and his son, Nabu,
are, in part, solar deities much like Osirus and Seth. For an
explanation, see Nabu. Marduk is related to Jupiter, therefore
making him a Wandering God.
MUMMU: This is Apsu's vizier, who was captured by Ea. He
symbolised mist and fog. This also happens to be a Name of Marduk.
NABU: Son of Marduk. God of Scribal Art and Wisdom. Marduk is the
Lord of the Waxing Year, and his son is the Lord of the Waning
Year. I don't know of any mythology dealing with a defeat of
Marduk, especially by Nabu. However, there is a ritual involving
both of them that embodies the Solar Cycle. At Midsummer (Litha),
two minor Goddesses (otherwise known as th hairdressers of
Marduk's wife, Sarpanitum[?] ) would go in solomn procession from
the Temple of Marduk (The Dayhouse) to the Temple of Nabu (The
Nighthouse). At Midwinter (Yule), the two Goddesses would return
to the Dayhouse. He is associated with Mercury and is said to be
the god of Science, and the guardian of the gods. He supposedly
appears as an old man, long of beard, with a crown of one hundred
horns, and a long robe. He is one of the Wandering Gods.
NAMTAR: Ereshkigal's Messenger. Fate. In charge of 60 diseases he
can set loose on mankind. S= Neti?
NERGAL: King of the Underwold. God of Pestilence. God of War.
Nergal refused to bow down before a vizzier of Ereshkigal when he
appeared to accept a gift of food from Anu, who was hosting a
banquet for the gods (Ereshkigal could not come into Heaven to
join them). For Nergal's disrespect, Ereshkigal demanded he be
delivered to her to be killed. Ultimately, he slaughtered his way
into the Underworld and laughed at reshkigal and her wish to kill
him. Anu also gave him command of the Sebitti to accomplish this.
He dragged her from her throne and was going to kill her, but she
caused him to fall in love with her and he married her instead. He
is a god of War and related to Mars as one of the Wandering Gods.
NINGIZZIDA: Along with Tammuz, a guard of the gate to Heaven.
NINIB: Also called Adar. He was related to Saturn, and was a god
of hunters and of strength; therefore, making him a Wandering God.
He represents the dormant seed, that is the potential life, within
Saturn; rather than the destructive force of Saturn. However, He
does partake somewhat of the destructive forces as He is Lord of
the Hunt...that which must die that others may live.
NINURTA: Somehow became Ereshkigal's husband and, therefore a King
of the Underworld. He seems to be a Persian version of Nergal. See
Also, he rescued the Tablets of Destiny from the deamon Anzu, who
had stolen them. S NUSKU: A fire god invoked, with two others,
against black magick. (See Bibil and Gira). A god of light.
QINGU: Tiamat's son and second husband, who roused her into an
attack on Ea.
She gave him the Tablets of Destiny, and set him as the leader of
army she had borne for the purpose of attacking Ea and the other
Gods to avenge the death of Apsu. After Marduk won the battle, he
enslaved the rebel gods for a time, until he finally took pity on
their cries of burden. He asked them who their leader had been, so
that he may suffer in their place. The gods readily handed Kingu
over to Marduk. Kingu was slain, and his blood was used by ??????
to make man. Man was then used to work where the enslaved gods
were set free.
SARPANITUM: Marduk's consort.
SHAMASH: Sun God and God of Justice. S=Utu. H=Shemesh (there is no
difference between this and Shamash. I use this different spelling
to differentiate between the two gods..who are really the same one
SIN: Moon God. Born of Enlil and Ninlil. S=Nanna.
TAMMUZ: The Babylonian God-force. Tammuz is a fertility God (see
He also seems to be a guard of the gate to Heaven, along with
TIAMAT: This is the main goddess of the Primordial Waters, the
origonal holder of the Tablets of Destiny, and she symbolised the
Salt waters of the Persian Gulf. She was defeated by Marduk. Note:
Tiamat, as a god-form, does still exist. She can be likened to the
Abyss itself (like Asag of Summeria). She is the universe's wish
to return to Chaos.
ZU: This story paralells those of Lotan, Typhon, Asag, and
Leviathan. In this, Zu is a bird-man who, for some reason, opposes
the gods. I have seen one source suggest that he is related to
Tiamat's daemonic off-spring. In his story, he steals the Tablets
of Destiny from Enlil (how Enlil had them, rather than Marduk, I
do not know) and flown away to his mountain. Several gods are
called to retreave them, and all decline the task. Finally, the
human Lugalbanda, father of Gilgamesh, takes the task and slays Zu.
Interestingly, there is a hymn that speaks of Marduk as "the god
who crushed the skull of Zu". Also, in the Babylonian New Year
Festival, there is a foot-race that is said to represent the
conquest of Zu by Ninurta (who is the Sumerian God who was
probably the model for Marduk).
ABU: King of plants (see the Eight children of Ki).
AN: An was the Sky or Heaven God. He and his wife Ki are the
children of Nammu. An is the creator of the Anunnaki.
ANUNNAKI, THE: These are the gods created by An, and appointed
their positions by Enki. Possibly they are children of An and Ki.
There are also the Seven Anunnaki who are the dreaded judges of
the underworld. I believe there are supposed to be 50 of them in
all. The Anunnaki, and some others who may or may not be Anunnaki,
are marked with an "A". A question mark, or course, indicates
ASAG (KUR): Dragon of the Abyss (or Abzu). Daemon of Disease. Asag
was not seperated like Tiamat. Instead, he lived within the Abyss
*after* creation and held back the Primordial Waters from
consuming the Earth. At one point, he kidnapped Ereshkigal, and
Enlil went to rescue her. The outcome of the battle is not known.
However, we do know that Enlil is the Lord of the Waters, and that
he built his home on the Sea. On the other hand, Ereshkigal
herself, to this day, is the Queen of the Underworld, as if she
remained there. In any case, Asag was not killed for, later,
another god decided to destroy him for reasons unknown.
This was Ninurta (possibly a model for Marduk). (See Ninurta). The
story of Ninurta and Asag seem to parallel the myths of Typhon,
Lotan, Zu, and Leviathan.
Note: Asag can be thought of as the Abyss itself. Kur is the name
of the Underworld, as well as a name for this Serpent. Perhaps he
is also an Anunnaki, but I doubt it.
ASHNAN: The grain goddess. She was created (along with Lahar) by
Enlil and Enki so that the Anunnunki would have food to eat and
cloths to wear. However, the two gods became drunk and could not
perform their duties: it was to remedy this that Man was created.
BAU: Wife of NInurta (or Ningirsu).
DAZIMUA: Married Ningishzida (see the Eight children of Ki).
DUMUZI: The Sumerian God-force. A sheperd god and fertility god.
Husband of Inanna. (see Inanna). It seems he is an Anunnaki.
EIGHT CHILDREN OF KI, THE: (See Abu, Nintul, Ninsutu, Ninkasi,
Nazi, Dazimua, Ninti, Enshagag.) The Goddess Uttu, in the paradise
of Dilmun, had born 8 plants from her union with Enki. He then
proceeded to eat them all. Ki cursed him for this and he became
ill. He convinced her to remove her curse, and she created these
eight gods of healing, one for each pain he was having, to cure
him. There is a punning relation between the names of the gods and
the names of the body parts they healed.
EMESH: Summer. He and his brother Enten were created by Enlil.
ENBILULU: God in charge of the Tigris and Euphrates.
ENKI: This was the Water God, and also a lesser ruler under Enlil.
It seems Enlil created the world, and Enki was left to run it.
Enlil simply resided in his palace and issued blessings. Enki,
with Ki, created Man. He is also a God of Wisdom. Also, Enki is
just a title. His name is Ea. It is not sure whoes son he is.
Also, there was one point when he became jealous of Enlil's
superiority over him ,so he took it out on man through the
"confusion of tounges".
ENKIMDU: God in charge of farm tools. He was origonally favoured
by Inanna for a husband. However, Dumuzi threatened him, and he
gave Inanna up.
ENLIL: This was the Air God, and the supreme ruler and creator,
son of An and Ki. See Enki. Enlil also took Ki as his wife. God of
wisdom and magick.
His name means Lord of the Winds, so he is also a Storm God.
ENSHAGAG: Lord of the Paradise City of Dilmun (see the eight
children of Ki).
ENTEN: Winter. He and his brother Emesh were created by Enlil so
that the Earth could produce food, animals, etc... (See Emesh).
ERESHKIGAL: Queen of the underworld (Kur), of death, and enemy of
All underwold deities are called Chthonic Deities. She is said to
be the sister of Inanna, making her the daughter of Nanna. She is
defineitly not one of the Seven Chthonic Anunnaki, yet she is
still an Anunnaki. Most likely she is the Destructive Forces of
Saturn as Inanna is Venus.
GALAS, THE: The demons of the underworld.
GESHTINANNA: Dumuzi's sister. Divine poetress, singer, and
interpreter of dreams.
GILGAMESH: A human hero who was later deified. As a psudo-god, he
resides in the underworld and organizes it, sending souls to their
proper places. He was origonally a Priest-King.
GUGALANNA: This god is mentioned in the myth of the Descent of
Inanna. When Neti asks why she has come, Inanna says something
about Lord Gugalnna, the husband of Ereshkigal. The text reads:
"My older sister, Ereshkigal, Because her husband, the Lord
Gugalanna, had been killed to witness the funeral rites ... so be
HAIA: Nidaba's or Nanshe's husband.
IGIGI, THE: It seems that these were very early deities who guide
and control every aspect of nature. Either they were not given
much promenance later, or they simply were never given much
attention. Chances are that these are Angels were the gods are
INANNA: The Summerian Goddess-force. Inanna is the daughter of the
moon, sister of the sun, and the planet Venus. She was a War
Goddess and a Love Goddess. (see Dumuzi). Note on the myth of her
descent: the myth of Enlil and Ninlil's descent into the underwold
may combined to Inanna's descent. If it is, then we have a full
story of the cycle of the god and goddess' descent.
ISHKUR: God in charge of rain and winds ISIMUD: Messenger of Enki.
Has two faces.
KALATURRU: Sexless created created by Enki and given the Food and
Water of Life to revive Inanna in the underworld. He was created
with another like it:
Kurgarru. (see Kurgarru).
is the Earth Goddess. Also known as Ninhursag, Nintu, or Ninma.
First, she was the wife/sister of An. After she was seperated from
him by their son Enlil..."An carried off Heaven, and Enlil carried
off Earth. In this she became the mother/wife of Enlil.
KULLA: God in charge of building tools and bricks.
KUR: The Underworld. (See Asag).
KURGARRU: Sexless creature created by Enki and given the Food and
Water of Life to revive Innana in the underworld. He was created
with another like it:
Kalaturru. (see Kalaturru).
LAHAR: The Cattle God. He and Ashnan were created (by Enlil and
Enki) so the Anunnaki would have food to eat and clothes to wear.
LILITH: A succubis. She is known from a story where she made her
home in the trunk of Inanna's Sacred Tree. Anzu made his home in
the branches, and a serpent had made it's home in the roots. This
infestation had caused the Tree to cease growing. Inanna called
upon Gilgamesh to rid the Tree of it's occupants. For this, Inanna
gave him his famous Bow.
MARTU: God of the Semites, or Amurru (Amorites), who were still
nomadic, "barbaric" people at the time of Sumer. They later moved
into the land of Sumer and conquered it....thus arose Babylonia.
MESLAMTAEA: One of the three underwold gods. These are not part of
the Seven Dreaded Anunnaki, as they are children of Enlil and
Ninlil. (See Ninazu and ????2).
MUSHDAMMA: In charge of active building. The Builder of Enlil.
NAMMU: The goddess who was the Primordial Waters.
NANNA: The Moon god. Father of Utu and Inanna, as well as all the
other planets and stars. Son of Enlil and Ninlil. Enlil had raped
Enlil and was sentenced to the Underworld for His crime. Ninlil,
however, loved Him and followed Him downward. She gave birth to a
number of Underworld Gods, but Enlil was able to remove Her from
the underworld before she gave birth to Nanna. Nanna enters the
land of the dead once a month (the New Moon) and judges the dead
with his son Utu. Nanna travels the sky in a boat. He is long of
beard and carries a wand of lapis lazuli in his palm.
NANSHE: Goddess in charge of Sea. Goddess of Justice. Judges
Mankind on NewYears, with Nidaba at her side. Also interprets
dreams for the gods.
NAZI: Married Nindar (see the eight children of Ki).
NEDU: See Neti.
NERGAL: King of the Underwold, the Ambusher. A god of pestilence.
See Babylonia. He is a god of War and Mars, and therefore a
NETI: The gatekeeper of the first of seven gates to the
underworld. I wonder if this is not one of the seven Chthonic
Anunnaki... Also called Nedu.
NIDABA: This goddess was a serpent who was in charge of Temple
record keeping. She is also the Goddess of Writing.
NINAZU: One of the three underworld deities. Child of Enlil and
Ninlil (from the begetting of Nanna). (See Meslamtaea, and ????2)
NINGAL: Wife of Nanna.
NINHURSAG: See Ki.
NINISINNA: Goddess in charge of Healing and the art of Medicine.
NINKASI: The Goddess who sates the heart; meaning the goddess of
intoxicating drink. (see the Eight Children of Ki).
NINKUR: Daughter of Enki and Ninsar. (from the myth of the 8
NINLIL: Enlil's wife. This Goddess followed Enlil to the
underworld after he had been banished there by the Anunnaki for
raping her. At this point she was pregnant with Nanna (from the
rape). In the underworld she gave birth to the Three Underworld
Deities and gave birth to Nanna after she made it back out.
NINSAR: Daughter of Enki and Ki. (from the myth of the 8 plants).
NINSHUBUR: Inanna's messenger. Possibly an Anunnaki?
NINSIKI: Enki's wife.
NINSUTU: Wife of Ninazu (see the Eight children of Ki).
NINTI: Queen of the Month (see the Eight children of Ki). Note:
The part of Enki's body that was healed by this goddess was his
rib. The Sumerian word for rib is "Ti". Therefore Nin-ti means
"lady of the rib". On the other hand, the word "Ti" can also be
translated as "to make live". Therefore, Ninti can also mean "lady
who brings life". Later, as we all know, Eve was made from Adam's
rib. The word Eve (heb.- Havah) also means "to make live".
Perhaps, and most likely, the Hebrew myth of Adam's rib comes
directly from this myth. However, something was lost in the
translation, as Havah has no relation to the Hebrew word for rib.
NINTU: See Ki.
NINTUL: Lord of the city Magon (see the Eight children of Ki).
NINURTA: Hero of the Gods. God of the Stormy South Winds. Possible
pre-cursur to Marduk. This god owned a weapon that was alive. This
weapon, Sharur, for some reason, convenced Nunurta to destroy Asag.
This he did.
However, once Asag was gone, the Waters rose up and engulfed the
Earth. Nothing could grow. So, Nunurta built a stone wall over
Asag's body that stopped and held back the Waters. Then he took
the Waters that had already engulfed the land and dumped them into
the Euphrates. This caused the overflow of the Euphrates, and the
land became abundant. Obviously, this is a myth relating to the
yearly flooding of the river. Ninurta is the son of Enlil and Ki.
Also, as Ningirsu, brother of Nanshe. See Ninurta in Babylon.
NIMUG: Goddess given task by Enki at the time he organized the
world, but we don't know what.
NUNGAL: Ereshkigal's daughter. Judge and protector of the Black
NUSKU: Messenger of Enlil.
SUMUGAN: Enki set him as lord of the steppe lands. He may be one
of the Anunnaki, but there is at least one indication that he was
UTU: The Sun God. As he travels through the underworld at night
(making it daytime there), he judges the dead. Nanna, as he visits
the underworld once each month (at the New Moon), also judges with
his son. He travels the sky in a chariot drawn by four
mythological beasts. He was set by Enki in charge of cities and
bounderies, or (possibly) the entire universe. This would fit as
he is the ruling deity just under Enki. Son of Nanna.
UTTU: Daughter of Enki and Ninkur. Goddess of plants and weaving.
(from the myth of the 8 plants).
????: "Who loves fish" in charge of marshlands.
????2: One of the three underworld deities.. Child of Enlil and
Ninlil (from the begetting of Nanna). (See Ninazu and Meslamtaea).
Hebraic: list does not include most Archangels and Angels. H = a
H AARON: Aaron is another of the Seven Sheperds. He balances Moses
as the other Sphere of Prophesy (Hod). Aaron is the brother of
H ABRAHAM: Abraham is one of the Seven Sheperds, and one of the
Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot. He is the Mild, Watery (Chesed)
aspect of the Four Legs. Abundant Love. Historically, it is said
that Abraham may have been an Amorite who had settled in Sumer
before Babylon (also Amorites) conquered it. He was the first to
make a covenatnt with Yahweh (or possibly El of Canaan).
H ADAM: This is Adam after Eve was seperated from him. He is the
Father of Mankind. (See Eve).
H ADAM KADMON: Adam Kadmon is not Primordial as it relates to
"before creation". However, his creation marked the Primordial
Man. He was both Male and Female in one being, not yet seperated
into Adam and Eve.
ADONAI: This means "Lord". However, the word itself is feminine in
nature, thus making it similar in nature to Elohim: both male and
female. Once again, this name could be thought of as the combined
force of Yahweh and Asherah. This, too, is a very primordial name.
ASHERAH: Asherah is listed here and with the Canaanites. She is
the same Goddess, but seems to have been adopted by the Hebrews as
the wife of Yahweh and the Manifest Shekinah. The Hebraic
ASMODEUS: This is the King of the Deamons. There are two types of
deamon, the malevolent kind, and those who have accepted the Torah
and live in indifference (at best) to man. Asmodeus is the king of
these latter deamons, as the malevolent kind have no leader.
Samael will often rally the malevolent deamons himself. Asmodeus
is also the husband of the Younger Lilith.
AURIEL: The Divine Avenger. In some instances, Auriel is seen as
an Angel of Severity and Vengence. Otherwise, she is the Archangel
of Earth. Supposedly one of the Seven, yet with her included there
AZAZEL: An Archangel who descended to earth with Shemhazai. (See
He taught mortal woen the art of seduction and make-up. When he
was told of the coming flood, he refused to repent. For this, he
was cast into a pit and covered with darkness, to remain there
until the final days.
BEHEMOTH: This beast was set as the King of Beasts. At the "end"
of Creation, he will be sent against Leviathan, and both Creatures
will die in the battle. Behemoth will be fed to the pious along
H DAVID: David is one of the Seven Sheperds, and one of the Four
Legs of the Throne in the Chariot. He represents Divinity
Manifested in that he is the Founder of the Kingship of Israel. (Malkuth).
EHEIEH: This means "I am". It was the Name given to Moses at the
scene of the burning bush. Basically, this name relates more to
YHVH, a concept, than it does to Yahweh, a god.
EL: This is another name for Yahweh, usually translated to mean
Undoubtedly this comes from the Canaanite High God El. This name
is used in conjunction with the title Shaddai (heb.- Almighty), as
well as Chai (heb.- Living). Example: Shaddai El Chai = Almighty
ELOHIM: This means "Gods" and basically relates to a female force
enfolded in a male force. Or, a Male God with the ability to
Create like a female. This is because the root word here is
"Goddess" (Eloah), and the pluaral "im" is masculine.
Mythologically, this could be thought of as the combined force of
the Seven Archangels as They Created the World in seven days.
Elohim is the pronunciation of YHVH for Binah. It should be
thought of as leaning more toward the feminine, and is actually a
very primordial name. (See Yah).
H ESAU: Twin brother of Jacob who sold his brithright for a bowl
Mythologically, he is the founder of Canaan before the Israelites
arrived. He later became an Angel: the Guardian Angel of Edom.
H EVE: This is the second wife of Adam. She is the female half of
Adam Kadmon after he was seperated and became Adam. Her name means
"Life" and she is the Mother of Mankind. As a point of interest,
see Ninti of Sumeria.
GABRIEL: The Strength of Divinity. Gabrael is a Divine messenger
and teacher. He (sometimes a she) is the benign Angel of Death, as
well as the ArchAngel of Water. He is lord of the Ashim. One of
HANAEL: Divine Grace. The Archangel of Love and Passion. He is
Lord of the Elohim. One of the Seven.
HOKHMAH (TORAH): This Goddess' name means "Wisdom". It is said
that she was created before all else. In fact, she took part in
the dividing of the Primordial Waters (Prov. 8:23, 28). She is
equated with the Torah, wich is said to have been created first,
and is the embodiment of Wisdom to the Jewish people. (See Maat of
H ISAAC: Isaac is one of the Seven Sheperds, and also one of the
Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot. He is the Fire to his
father's Water. Strict Justice (Geburah). The myth of his
near-sacrifice at the hand of Abraham was the injection of Divine
Severity into Abraham's Mercy (see above). He is Abraham's son.
H JACOB: Jacob was the third Patriarch, and thus is the balancer
of his predecessor Abraham (Chesed) and Isaac (Geburah). Mercy (Tiphareth).
He is also one of the Seven Sheperds, and one of the Four Legs of
the Throne in the Chariot. He is the son of Isaac, and twin
brother of Esau.
H JOSEPH: Joseph is one of the Seven Sheperds. He displays the
ability to resist the sexual temptation of Yesode. This is
displayed in the myth of the Egyptian woman's attempted seduction
of him. He is the Keeper of the Covenant to the pure Yahwists. He
is the son of Jacob who first went to Egypt and was responsible
for the Hebrew presence there.
KHAMAEL: This Archangel is the Archangel of Divine Severity, just
In fact, the two angels are one and the same. Classical Qabalah
lists Samael as the leader of the Seraphim, but modern Qabalah has
replaced the name with Khamael. Further, the Archangel Shemhazai,
who hung himself between heaven and earth, is also Samael. This
puts him in the perfect postion to fullfill his duties as the
Porter of Heaven: Khamael, who resides at the very fringes of
Heaven with hundreds of thousands of angels of destruction at his
command. His purpose there is to keep intruders from entering the
Heavens. He once attempted to stop Moses from entering, but was
defeated by the Prophet. One of the Seven.
LAILAH: This Goddess' name is Hebrew for "Night". It was the
Darkness mentioned in Gen 1:2, and she was named by Yahweh in Gen
LEVANAH: The Moon (goddess).
LEVIATHAN: This could very possibly be related to the ideas of
Typhon, Lotan, Zu, and Asag; where it resembles the creation myth,
yet is seperate there-from.
In this myth, there are two Leviathan, a male and a female. Once
these two beasts are created, to rule the seas, Yahweh decides
against letting the female live. Yahweh fears that the offspring
of these two great beasts would destroy the world. The female is
thusly killed. At the "end" of Creation, the male Leviathan is
going to be killed in a battle with Behemoth (the Angels having
failed at the task), and his skin will be set as a canopy over the
heads of the pious, while his meat is fed to them. Certainly, the
relation to this myth and Tiamat's destruction, and the setting of
half of her body as the Sky, can be easily seen. Interestingly,
Leviathan is thought to be another name for the Canaanite Lotan
H LILITH: The Hebrew form of Lilith is the first wife of Adam. She
refused to bow down to him and left the Garden. She mated with
daemons and became the patron Goddess of the Night and all it's
creatures. She represnets the subconscious mind, that part of us
that is most primal and sexual and defiant.
She is the other half of the submissive Eve. There are two forms
of Lilith, the Younger and the Elder. As the younger, she is the
wife of Asmodeus (this being when she was in her cave mating with
deamons). As the older, she is the wife of Samael (this being when
she joined with him in bringing down Adam and Eve from the Garden.
METETRON: The Prince of the Face. This was once the human Enoch,
who was permited to ascend to Heaven without dieing. He was
transformed into the ArchAngel with 360 eyes and 36 pairs of
wings. His palace was set on high and his word was to be followed
as if it were the voice of Yahweh HImself.
Personally, I feel that Metetron and Yahweh are synonimous.
Metetron is even known as the "Lesser YHVH", and one of his many
names is Yahoel, which is Y, H, and V (transliterated as O) with
"el" added to the end. Metetron is the lord of the Chaioth
MICHAEL: The Protector of the Divine. He is the High Priest of
Heaven and it's main guardian. Seen to be the Guardian Angel of
Israel and all of humanity. He is the ArchAngel of Fire, and
sometimes a benign Angel of Death.
He is lord of the Malachim. One of the Seven.
H MOSES: Moses is one of the Seven Sheperds, relateing to Netzach.
In the case of the Seven Sheperds, Netzach and Hod are Spheres of
Prophesy. He is the prophet that lead the Exodus.
RAHAB: This serpent is also much like Tiamat, more so than Tehom.
He is described as an Archangel in Hebrew mythos.
RAPHAEL: The Divine Physician. Self explanitory. Raphael is also
the ArchAngel of Air. He is lord of the Beney Elohim. One of the
RATZIEL: The Divine Scribe. There is a veil in Heaven that
seperates the Divine Throne from the angelic hosts. Ratziel stands
behind this veil and records all the goings on at the Merkabah
into a book. This book, the ?????????, a book containing all the
knowledge of heaven and earth, was given to Adam by Ratziel. The
other angels, jealous, took the book and cast it into the sea.
Yahweh, upon hearing of this transgression, ressurected Rahab to
retrieve it for Adam. After this the book fades away. It
resurfaces when it is given to Noah because it contains the
instructions for the Ark. From there it passed down the family
line until it reached Solomon. It is said that Solomon obtained
all of his great Wisdom from this book. Another job of Ratziel is
to stand before the Merkabah with outstretched wings, lest the
breath of the Chaioth haQodesh consume all of the Heavens. He is
Lord of the Auphanim. He is also listed as one of the seven, but
with his inclusion, and Auriel's, there are nine.
RUACH ELOHIM (SHEKINAH): Ruach Elohim is the Spirit of the Gods,
and the Shekinah is the Presence of Divinity. Shekinah is also
seen as a Goddess. (Gen
SAMAEL: The Poison of Divinity. Samael is the greatest of Angels
(excepting Metetron HImself), with twelve wings as opposed to the
normal six of the the other ArchAngels. He is the most beautiful
angel. He is the main Angel of Death, and is the Archangel of
Divine Severity. His angelic order is the Seraphim; the Firey
Serpents sent to punish Israel for it's transgressions. He is also
the husband of the elder Lilith. See also Khamael and Shemhazai;
two other names for Samael. As Khamael, he is one of the seven.
SANDALPHON: She is the twin of Metetron and the Archangel of Earth
(as in the physical Universe, as opposed to the Element of Earth
like Auriel). It is written that she descended to Earth as the
male prophit Elijah as a guardian and protector. She is Ruler of
the Kerubim. It is said that She stands at the foot of the
Merkabah, and weaves prayers into garlands to rest on Yahweh's
SHADDAI: See El.
SHEKINAH: See Ruach Elohim.
SHEMESH: The Sun (god).
SHEMHAZAI: This Archangel, along with Azazel, descended with his
angelic host before the flood to steer Man back onto the right
path. This order of Angels became known as the Watchers. However,
the angels soon fell prey to the same vices as man and began to
take wives from the Cainite women. For sex, they would sell the
secrets of Heaven to the women. They gave knowledge on everything
from making weapons of war, to the Qabalah itself. The offspring
of these unions are known as the Nephilim (giants), and were
destructive giants that plagued mankind. Others even became the
heroes of ancient times (such as Gilgamesh from Sumer). The Flood
was then sent to destroy these giants. When told of the news,
Shemhazai repented his deeds and hung himself, upside-down,
between heaven and earth. To this day, he can be seen there as the
consellation Orion. Shemhazai is actually a form of the Archangel
Samael. Also see Khamael.
TEHOM: This Goddess' name is Hebrew for "Deep". (Gen. 1:2). She is
similar to the Babylonian Tiamat, yet is more along the lines of
the Sumerian Nammu.
TZADKIEL: Divine Justice. He is the Archangel of Divine
Benevolence, and Lord of the Chashmalim. One of the Seven.
TZAPHKIEL: Divine Contemplation. Lord of the Aralim. One of the
UZZA: Archangel of Egypt.
YAH: This, in Hebrew, is spelled "YH". This, esetoricaly, is the
combination of the Y and H of YHVH. It is where the God and
Goddess principals emerge from the Primordial Waters and mate.
Literally, it is the Hebrew version of Babylon's Ea (spelled IA- A
and H, just like I and Y, are interchangable in this context).
It is the Name of Chockmah. In this, it should be thought of as
leaning toward the masuline (as opposed to Elohim), and is a
YAHWEH: Yahweh is the God Force. Yahweh is also a War God, Storm
God, and a Volcano Deity. The name Yahweh itself may be from the
Sanscrit "YHVH", meaning "Ever-Flowing" and thus relates him to
volcanic activity. Along with the adoption of Asherah as the wife
of Yahweh, the Hebrews seemed to have associated Yahweh with Baal,
making the two gods nearly identical.
YAM: Sea God.
YHVH: as differenciated from Yahweh, who was not the only god to
the early Hebrews. it is a formula to "sum up" the Ain
(Nothingness)- or The One. The Face of Divinity.
ZIZ SHADAI: This mighty beast is the King of Birds.
Hittite: B = Babylonian
Father of Anus. Anus removed him from the throne.
ANUS: Sky God. Removed his father Alalus from the throne, and was,
himself, removed by his son Kumarbis. B = Anu.
ARINNA: Sun Goddess. She sent an Eagle out in search of Telepinus.
The effort failed.
EA: He resides in the Apsu, just as he does in Babylonia. What he
does in the Hittite pantheon I don't know. He is the one who
decided on how to defeat Ulikummis, by using the copper knife that
was "used to seperate heaven and earth". B.
ENLIL: Enlil also makes a guest appearance in the Ulikummis myth.
He saw Ulikummis as a child and told the gods later, after the
child had grown to it's great size, that they could not hope to
HEBAT: Wife of Teshub.
HANNAHANNAS: Queen of Heaven. She urges Teshub to do something
about Telepinus' disappearance. Teshub went as far as Telepinus'
own door, where he banged on the door until he broke his hammer,
and thus abandoned the quest.
ILLUYANKAS: A dragon slain by Teshub. There are two versions of
In the old version, they two gods fight and Illuyankas wins.
Teshub" then goes to Inaras for advice, and she devises a trap for
the dragon. She goes to him with large quantities of liqure, and
entices him to drink his fill. Once drunk, the dragon is bound,
and Teshub appears with the other gods and kills him. In the later
version, the two gods fight and Teshub, again, loses. Illuyankas
then takes Teshub's eyes and heart. Teshub then has a son, who
grows and marries Illuyankas' daughter. Teshub tells his son to
ask for his eyes and heart as a wedding gift, and it is given.
Restored, Teshub goes to face Illuyankas once more. At the point
of vanquishing the dragon, Teshub's son finds out about the
battle; realizing that he had been used for this purpose. He
demaned that his father take him along with Illuyankas, and so
Teshub killed them both.
illuyankas's daughter: See Illuyankas.
IMBALURIS: A messenger of Kumarbis.
INARAS: Goddess who set a trap for Illuyankas in the old version
of the myth.
IRSIRRA DEITIES, THE: Either the "Maidens of Heaven" or else they
are underworld deities.
ISHTAR: Only appears in Hittite myth in an attempt to lull
Ulikummis by undressing and singing to him. Her attempt failed as
the creature didn't see or hear her. B.
KAMRUSEPAS: Goddess of healing and magick. She calms and purified
Telepinus upon his return.
KUMARBIS: The Hittlte High God (like El of the Canaanites), Father
of the Gods. Removed his father, Anus, from the throne. In order
to keep his son Teshub from removing him from the throne, he made
Ulikummis to oppose him.
MUKISANUS: Vizier of Kumarbis.
sea goddess: Kumarbis went to this goddess for advice on how to
stop Teshub from taking the throne. Her advice seems to have lead
to the creation of Ulikummis.
SHAUSHKA: a Love Goddess.
teshub's son: See Illuyankas.
TELEPINUS: He is like Tammuz, a fertility god. He becomes enraged
for reasons unknown and storms off into the stepp lands where he
Draught and famine ensue. He was brought back by a Bee, after
extensive searching by the gods had failed. Son of Teshub.
TESHUB: Ruler God (like Baal of the Canaanites), son of Kumarbis.
He is also a sun God, and a fertility God. He carries a hammer as
a weapon. He defeated Ulikummis with the help of Ea. When Kumarbis
first attempted to remove his father, Anus, from the throne, he
bit off the Anus' loins in the struggle. Thus, Anus' seed was
implanted within Kumarbis and Teshub was born.
UBELLURIS: This deity is much like the Greek Atlas, who supports
the world on his shoulders. Ulikummis was placed on his right
shoulder by the Irsirra deities to grow tall and strong. Ubelluris
didn't even notice the presence until Ea pointed it out to him.
ULIKUMMIS: Son of Kumarbis. He was made to oppose Teshub. There is
also mention that he destoys some of mankind. However, he is
actually described as being blind, deaf, and dumb; as well as
immobile. He was made of stone and placed on Ubelluris' shoulder
to grow. He grew until he reached heaven itself.
When the gods found him, Ishtar removed her clothing and attempted
to lull him with music, but he didn't see or hear her (as he was a
blind and deaf creature).
The gods attempted to destroy him, but had no affect (he didn't
Finally, Ea called for the Copper Knife that had been used in the
seperation of heaven and earth. He then used the blade to sever
Ulikummis from Ubelluris' shoulder; lopping the creature off at
the feet. Teshub was then able to destroy the creature totally. It
is interesting to note that this god's name is the same as a pair
of twin volcanic mountains in Asia Minor. This may explain why he
is said to be destroying mankind, even in his seemingly catatonic