The Alder is the tree of fire. In the battle of the trees, the
Alder fought in the very front line. It is described as the very
"battle witch" of all woods, the tree that is hottest in the
fight. You can use Alder to make three different dyes, red from
its bark, green from its flowers, and brown from its twigs; this
symbolizes the elements of fire, water and earth. The Alder wood
is the wood of the witches. Whistles may be made of this wood to
summon and control the four winds. It is also the ideal wood for
making the magical pipes and flutes. To prepare the wood for use,
beat the bark away with a willow stick while projecting your
wishes into it.
The Alder is a token of resurrection and a water-loving tree, but
it is also highly combustible, showing an affinity to Fire. This
means the alder is an unusual tree, for Fire and Water do not
normally mix well. Alder is often used to symbolize one's
appearance, and can be used in glamour spells. The alder tree's
wood is oily and resistant to underwater decay. It can be used to
contain Water elementals and many negative spirits.
Almond has a very sweet natural being. Aids in self
protection.Almond also helfs with fruitfulness, and stands for
virginity. The fairies love almond trees.*
It is an old English custom to drink to the health of the Apple
tree with a good glass of cider all in hopes of encouraging the
tree to produce a good crop next year. Apple also helps with
fertility.The apple tree symbolizes youth, beauty, and innocence.
Apple juice can be used to infer strength and beauty. The leaves
are a useful focus in spellweaving. The apple wood makes good
Ash is a healing wood. It is also used for protection. The Ash is
considered to be the father of trees. The Ash is the tree of sea
power, or of the power resident in water. Special guardian spirits
reside in the Ash; This makes it excellent for absorbing
sickness.Snakes have an innate fear of the ash and avoid it. Ash
is an excellent wood for purification. It is good at removing and
cleansing internalized strife and conflict. Ash is good in any
spell or working involving mental and emotional purification. Ash
wood is a good conductor of power and thus makes good wands.
Aspen is an excellent wood for spoken spells. It brings the wizard
Beech is an excellent wood for charms. A Beech Wood wand will
bring the wizard luck. Beech symbolizes stability and flow of
energy. It is an incredible conductor of energy, but doesn't hold
energy very well. It is sometimes used for Druidic groves if oak
is not available, though oak is preferred.
With the exception of the mysterious elder, the Birch is the
earliest of the forest trees. The Birch is used extensively in
cleansing rituals. Throughout Europe, Birch twigs are used to
expel evil spirits. Birch rods are also used in rustic rituals to
drive out the spirits of the old year. Birch is used also stands
for Birth, healing, Lunar workings, and protection. Birch wood is
a useful tool in spells involving structures, support, shielding,
warding, and cleansing.
Cedar is a protective wood. It will protect the wizard against
evil. It is also used for money and love charms. Cedar is
exceptional at repulsing energies and protection. It is best used
to ward or to drive off negative influences or spirits.
The Coconut is feminine and very fertile. The shell represents the
womb, and the milk, fertility.
Coconut also helps with protection from negative psychic forces.
The cypress tree was seen as a sad tree or tree of mourning. It
was often used to build funeral pyres. Cypress wood is extremely
resistant to water. Cypress containers can successfully contain
water elementals, air elementals, and most spirits.
This tree represents charm and finesse. It can be used to enhance
one's social abillities and increase one's personality. The
dogwood flower is a good cleanser of wounds, and its scent is a
Ebony is the most powerful wood for wands. Ebony gives the user
pure, unlimited power.
A waterside tree, the Elder has white flowers that bloom to their
peak in midsummer thus making the Elder an aspect of the White
Goddess. The Elder is also said to be the crucifixion tree. The
inner bark and the flowers have long been famous for their
therapeutic qualities. The elder also stands for banishment,
magical art and the waters of life.
The elm tree is a dark and brooding tree. It was often planted in
tainted or uncleansable areas to warn off others in the area. Elm
can be used in any spells that cause depression or darkness. It
can dull the senses and works well in spells dealing with shadows.
The eucalyptus is a nurturing, protecting, life-giving tree. It
can sometimes symbolize sloth due to the fact that its foliage is
a narcotic. It contains quite a bit of moisture, and thus could
easily have a connection to Water. Small doses of eucalyptus are
highly effective. It can be used to numb or invoke sloth in
others. It can protect the body from certain poisons. When mixed
with certain other herbs, eucalyptus can make a high
The Fig is androgynous. The fruit representing the feminine and
the triple lobed leaves suggest the masculine force. The fig also
stands for balance.
Fir symbolizes malleability, cleverness, and the ability to
change. It is a good wood for magic involving physical structures,
forms, and shapeshifting or other changing magics.
Hawthorn (Thorn) Witchthorn
or May Witch.
It is a generally unlucky tree and its name, translated from the
Irish Brehon Laws, had the meaning "harm". The Goddess, under the
name Cardea, cast spells with the Hawthorn. In many cultures, the
month of the Hawthorn (May) is a month of bad luck for marriages.
The Hawthorn blossom, for many men, has the strong scent of female
sexuality and was used by the Turks as an erotic symbol.
This tree stands for purification, enforced chastity, male potency
and cleansing.Thorn symbolizes strife and harshness. It is an
excellent tool for protection as its energies work well for
defense. Thorn is used to dispell energies, especially negative
energies or curses, and excells at banishing strife.
Hazel is favored as one of the best woods for an all-purpose
magical wand. Carrying hazel will make wishes come true.The Hazel
is a tree of wisdom. In England, all the knowledge of the arts and
sciences were bound to the eating of Hazel nuts. Hazel wood can be
used for divining for water also. It stands for
Wisdom, intelligence, inspiration, wrath.
This tree symbolizes attraction (the nut can be used to make an
aphrodisiac), loss of inhibition or willpower, and drowsiness. It
is used to make sleep potions, aphrodisiacs, and potions to
inhibit the will or remove inhibitions.
Holly is the strongest of the protective woods. It is used to
guard against evil. Holly means "holy". The Holly has many uses
from making a dye from its berries to being used as an
aphrodisiac. It stands for Holiness, consecration, material gain,
beauty. Holly symbolizes combat, defense, and a "look but don't
touch" beauty. It is also used as a life symbol. Holly is good at
holding and storing energy, but does not work well with energy
flow. It is also useful in glamours and warding.
Hornbeam is a lucky wood. It brings good fortune to the Wizard. It
is very good for spells.
IVY / VINE
The Ivy was sacred to Osiris as well as to Dionysus. Vine and Ivy
come next to each other at the turn of the year, and are jointly
dedicated to resurrection. Presumably, this is because they are
the only two trees that grow spirally. The Vine also symbolizes
resurrection because its strength is preserved in the wine. The
Faeries love Ivey and it stands for Joy, Exhilaration, Wrath,
Rebirth, Fidelity, Constancy, Love and Intoxication.
Mahogany is known for its ability to withstand lightening strikes.
It has strong protective qualities.
Maple is a favorite wood for magical wands. It is the wood of
longevity. Maple is a happy tree. It often symbolizes attraction,
luring, drawing in, or bringing things together. It has very
positive energy, and is used to attract attention or lure positive
spirits in magic.
The mistletoe was sacred to the Druids and to the Norse. It was
considered to be the great healer and has both male and female
qualities. It was so well regarded by the Norse (because it was
sacred to Freya) that they refused to fight in the vicinity of
Mistletoe. The custom of hanging Mistletoe in the house to promote
peace comes from this. Generally regarded today as a symbol of
love and purity. It also stands fertility and sexual potency.
Oak is a potent magical wood. It adds potency to all charms,
particularly health and money charms.The Oak is the tree of
endurance and triumph, and like the Ash, is said to count the
lightings'flash. The Oak is a male wood which is ideal for the
construction of any tool that needs the male influence such as
Athames, certain wands and staffs. The midsummer fire is always
Oak and the need fire is always kindled in an Oak log.Oaks also
stands for endurance, triumph, strength, power, dominion,
prosperity, sacrifice, guardian and liberator. Oak symbolizes
wisdom, strength, and endurance. Oak is extremely versatile and
can be used in many areas of magic. The wood is good at both
storing power and conducting it, thus making good staffs and
wands. Oak can be used in spells involving authority, majesty,
power, strength, wisdom, or endurance.
Is regarded as particularly powerful because of its incredible
durability and because it is self renewing, never changing its
leaves. Aids in rejuvenation.
The Palm stands for resurrection, and the cycle and matrix of
The Peach is an emblem of marriage, abundance, fruitfulness and
External symbol of life, strength and immortality. It is one of
the few trees that are androgynous. It was also worshiped by the
ancients as a symbol of fire because of its resemblance to a
spiral of flame. It is regarded as a very soothing tree to be
near. Being an evergreen, standing for long life and
prosperity.Pine is everlasting (from its evergreen properties). It
induces clearness of thought with its scent and often symbolizes
survival as it can grow even in sub-zero temperatures. Pine wood
is useful in spells of preservation. Pine incense is helpful in
divining/scrying rituals and rituals to clear the mind.
Poplar is favored for flying charms. Carrying poplar will also aid
in attracting wealth.
Redwood is a protective wood. It is also good for love and success
The Wood of Rose has many magical qualities. It is used for
divination and love charms.
The Rowan is seen as the tree of life. It is also known as
Mountain Ash, Quickbeam, The Witch or Witch Wand. In the British
Isles, Rowan is used as a protection against lightning and magical
charms of all sorts. In ancient Ireland, the Druids of opposing
forces would kindle a fire of rowan and say an incantation over it
to summon spirits to take part in the battle. The Rowan is also
used for many healing purposes. The "Quickbeam" is the tree of
quickening. Another use was in metal divining. In Ireland, a Rowan
stake was hammered through a corpse to immobilize the spirit.Rowan
is also known for divination, healing, astral work, protection.
The sequoia is a majestic tree symbolizing eternity, longevity,
and vast wisdom. It can also symbolize endurance and strength.
Sequoia wood makes excellent Druidic staffs, as it is very good at
both holding and conducting energy. It can be used in spells of
fire resistance, and the sequoia seeds are an aphrodisiac.
The spruce is a versatile tree which grows quickly and is dominant
over its environment. It is an aloof tree and can symbolize the
North and coldness. The wood is good for bargaining with Earth
elementals as they especially like spruce wood. Spruce holds and
stores a large amount of energy. A living spruce tree is an
The sycamore symbolizes growth, persistance, strength and
endurance. It is water resistant (though not as much as cypress)
and often grows where other trees cannot. To some Native American
cultures, the sycamore is a holy tree equivalent to the oak in
Europe. In magic, it is useful for spells involving growth, and
can be used in healing potions (especially those with regenerative
properties). It is also a good gift to give a Fire elemental.
The tree of the Autumn Equinox and of old age, is the shifting
leaved White Poplar, or Aspen, The shield makers tree. Heracles
bound his head in triumph with poplar after killing the giant
Cacus (the evil one). The Black popular was a funeral tree sacred
to the Mother Earth.
Silver Fir as an aid in divination. The Silver Fir standing for
hope assured and the Black Poplar for loss of hope. In ancient
Ireland, the coffin makers measuring rod was made of Aspen,
apparently to remind the dead that this was not the end.
White poplar stands for Hope, rebirth, divinations.
Willow is a feminine tree. It is favored for its general magical
uses. It has strong protective qualities and is good for healing
and love charms.The Willow was sacred to Hecate, Circe, Hera, and
Persephone, all death aspects of the Triple Moon Goddess, and was
often used by the Witches in Greece. The moon owns it. It is a
female symbol. It is the tree that loves water most and is sacred
to the Moon Goddess who is the giver of dew and moisture,
generally. It is a water-loving tree and is linked to lunar
rhythms. It is often a melancholy tree and can represent sadness
and quick growth leading to a quick end (some trees only live for
20 years). In magical areas, willow has a great influence over
water and water elementals. It has the ability to banish
depression and sadness.
The Willow is the tree of enchantment. Can be made into a tool to
make wishes come true.
Willow stands for Moon magic, psychic energy, healing, inspiration
Yew is the Wood of Death. Used for its strength for bows in Greek
times.The yew tree is held sacred by the Druids because of its
symbolism of death and rebirth. The yew tree's branches grow into
the ground. Thus when the central trunk dies, the tree lives on as
the branches become trees. It symbolizes transformation, great
age, and reincarnation. Yew wood is good in any rituals that use
the preceding symbolism. Yew holds and conducts energy very well,
and yew is a good shield for magical energies that directly hit
the wood is reflected.