Herbal Substitutions

Some rules of thumb: Rosemary can substitute for any herb. Rose can substitute for any flower. Frankincense can substitute for any gum resin. Tobacco for any poisonous herb (but stick to rosemary anyway because tobacco is horrible for you). Note: some of these substitutions are for oils. It will be indicated.

Herb Substitution
Acacia Gum Arabic
Acacia, Gum Gum Arabic
Aconite Tobacco
Arabic, Gum Frankincense, Gum Mastic
Ammoniac, Gum Asafoetida
Asafoetida Valerian
Balm of Gilead Rose Buds or Gum Mastic
Bedllium, Gum Pine resin or Dragon's Blood
Belladonna Tobacco
Benzoin Gum Arabic, Gum Mastic
Cachana Angelica Root
Camphor oil Eucalyptus oil, Lavender oil
Carnation Rose petals anointed with a few drops Clove oil
Cassia Cinnamon
Castor Bean Castor Oil
Cedar Sandalwood
Cinquefoil Clover
Citron Equal parts orange peel and lemon peel
Clove Mace or Nutmeg
Clover Cinquefoil
Copal Frankincense or Cedar
Cowbane Tobacco
Cypress Juniper or pine needles
Deerstongue Woodruff or Vanilla
Dittany of Crete Gum Mastic
Dragon's Blood Equal parts Frankincense and Red Sandalwood
Eucalyptus oil Camphor oil, Lavender oil
Euphorbium Tobacco
Frankincense Copal or Pine resin
Galangal Ginger root
Grains of Paradise Black Pepper
Hellebore Tobacco or Nettle
Hemlock Tobacco
Hemp Nutmeg, Damiana, Star Anise, or Bay
Henbane Tobacco
Hyssop Lavender
Ivy Cinquefoil
Jasmine Rose
Juniper Pine
Lavender Rose
Lemongrass Lemon peel
Lemon peel Lemongrass, Lemon Verbena
Lemon Verbena Lemon peel
Mace Nutmeg
Mandrake Tobacco
Mastic, Gum Gum Arabic or Frankincense
Mint Sage
Mistletoe Mint or Sage
Mugwort Wormwood
Neroli oil Orange oil
Nightshade Tobacco
Nutmeg Mace or Cinnamon
Oakmoss Patchouli
Orange Tangerine peel
Orange Flowers Orange peel
Patchouli Oakmoss
Peppermint Spearmint
Pepperwort Black Pepper or Rue
Pine Juniper
Pine Resin Frankincense or Copal
Red Sandalwood Sandalwood mixed with a pinch of Dragon's Blood
Rose Yarrow
Rose Geranium Rose
Rue Rosemary mixed with a pinch of Black Pepper
Saffron Orange peel
Sandalwood Cedar
Sarsaparilla Sassafras
Sassafras Sarsaparilla
Spearmint Peppermint
Sulfur Tobacco or Club Moss
Thyme Rosemary
Tobacco Bay
Tonka Bean Deerstongue, Woodruff, Vanilla Bean
Trefoil Cinquefoil
Valerian Asafoetida
Vanilla Woodruff, Deerstongue, Tonka Bean
Vertivert Calamus
Wolfsbane Tobacco
Wood Aloe Sandalwood sprinkled with Ambergris Oil
Woodruff Deerstongue or Vanilla
Wormwood Mugwort
Yarrow Rose
Yew Tobacco




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